Main Article Content


Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a structural abnormality in the heart or major
intrathoracic blood vessel that is present at birth. Advances in modern medical
science and technology have contributed to an increase in life expectancy and
population of CHD patients. Survivors of CHD may not only experience complex
medical problems due to sequelae or complications of the underlying CHD but may
also experience neuropsychiatric disorders. This review article aims to provide an
understanding of the neuropsychiatric aspects of CHD, including clinical
manifestations, risk factors and mechanisms, detection, and management of
neuropsychiatric disorders in CHD. This review showed that CHD patients are
prone to behavioral disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders, and mental health
disorders such as anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder which
can cause a decrease in quality of life. The risk factors and mechanisms of
neuropsychiatric disorders in CHD are complex and multifactorial. Early detection
and referral of neuropsychiatric disorders are important. Management requires a
multidisciplinary team approach.


Congenital Heart Disease Neuropsychiatry Mental Health Anxiety Depression

Article Details

How to Cite
Herick Alvenus Willim, Kartini Rita Sari, Nurfadella, & Nurlia Desyanti. (2021). Neuropsychiatric Aspects of Congenital Heart Disease: A Review of Current Literatures. Biomedical Journal of Indonesia, 7(2), 374-382.