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Abstract

Endodontic treatment refers to the act of removing infected pulp tissue and forming
and reforming the root canals to prevent bacteria from entering the root canals.
Microbial infection in the root canal or in the periapical area is a factor that can lead
to failure of root canal treatments. Endodontic treatment failure can be caused the
bacteria Enterococcus faecalis. The irrigation agent commonly used is sodium
hypochlorite. Sodium hypochlorite in large concentrations can be toxic to tissues.
Lemongrass plant (Cymbopogon citratus) is a natural ingredient that can be used as
an antibacterial agent. The aims of study to determine the comparison of the
antibacterial effectiveness of lemongrass plant extracts (Cyombopogon citratus (DC).
Staph) concentrations of 25%, 50%, 75%, 100% with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite in
inhibiting the growth of the bacterium Enterococcus faecalis. Lemongrass plant
extracts Cyombopogon citratus (DC). Staph) made by maceration method and
converted into 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%. The bacterial test method used the agar
diffusion test (Kirby-Bauer test) to see the effectiveness of antibacterialsThe result of
the one way ANOVA statistical test resulted in significance value of p=0,001 (p<0,05)
so that means there was differences in the average diameter of inhibitory lemongrass
plant extracts (Cyombopogon citratus (DC). Staph) concentrations of 25%, 50%,
75%, 100% with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite in inhibiting the growth of the bacterium
the results are 13.68 ± 1.34 mm, 16.08 ± 0.87 mm, 16.33 ± 0.35 mm, 17.78 ± 0.93
mm and 7.83 ± 0.44 mm and reinforced by the posthoc Tukey HSD test. The
conclusion from the study that there is a difference between the antibacterial
effectiveness of lemongrass plant extract (Cyombopogon citratus (DC). Staph)
concentrations of 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite in
inhibiting the growth of the bacterium Enterococcus faecalis.

Keywords

Sodium Hypochlorite Lemongrass (Cyombopogon citratus (DC). Stapf) Enterococcus faecalis

Article Details

How to Cite
Permatasari Lahagu, T. N., Huynh Diem An, Cindy Denhara Wijaya, & Mellisa Sim. (2021). Efficacy of Cyombopogon Citratus Extract Against Enterococcus Faecalis. Biomedical Journal of Indonesia, 7(2), 357-363. https://doi.org/10.32539/bji.v7i2.301