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Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine system neoplasm.
Based on the "Pathologycal Based Registration" in Indonesia, thyroid
cancer is a cancer with the highest incidence in the ninth rank.
According to statistics from the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the
incidence of thyroid cancer in men is about 2.5 per 100.000
population and women around 6.7 per 100.000 population. Thyroid
cancer can affect all age groups and the frequency increases after
the age of 50 years. Only about 5% can affect the age of 15-20 years.
NCI also states that this thyroid cancer can affect 16.000 people per
year. Diagnosis is important to improve the quality of life for
sufferers. Clinical diagnosis is the basis for determining further
management, so that knowledge and skills are needed in
determining the diagnosis. The first treatment for a cancer is the
best chance for the patient to achieve optimal cure rates, as is the
case for thyroid cancer.